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Verbi irregolari inglesi

I verbi irregolari più comuni e come utilizzarli

Una delle più grandi difficoltà quando si impara l'inglese è riconoscere e utilizzare gli irregular verbs, ossia quei verbi che, quando declinati nelle diverse forme verbali, non seguono la regolare costruzione: verbo + ed.
Saper coniugare in modo corretto i verbi irregolari è fondamentale per poter sostenere una conversazione, perché, sebbene rappresentino soltanto il 3% dei verbi presenti nella lingua inglese, sono i verbi più comunemente utilizzati.

I 10 verbi irregolari più comuni

1. To be = Essere

Simple present: I am, You are, He/She/It is, We are, They are
Simple past: I/He/She/It was, You/We/They were
Past participle: had/ have been

I am tired; I was tired; I have been tired.

2. To have = Avere

Simple present: I have, You have, He/She/It has, We have, They have
Simple past: had
Past participle: had

I have a horse; I had a horse; I'd had a horse

3. To do = Fare

Simple present: I do, You do, He/She/It does, We do, They do
Simple past: did
Past participle: have/had done

Do your job; I did my job; You had done your job

4. To go = Andare

Simple present: I go, You go, He/She/It goes, We go, They go
Simple past: went
Past participle: have/had gone

I go to school; I went to school; I have gone to school

5. To say = Dire

Simple present: I say, You say, He/She/It says, We say, They say
Simple past: said

Past participle: have/had said

I say yes; I said yes; I had said yes


6. To see = Vedere

Simple present: I see, You see, He/She/It sees, We see, They see
Simple past: saw
Past participle: have/had seen

I see it; I saw it; I have seen it

7. To take = Portare

Simple present: I take, You take, He/She/It takes, We take, They take
Simple past: took
Past participle: have/had taken

I take lessons; I took lessons; I have taken lessons


8. To get = Prendere

Simple present: I get, You get, He/She/It gets, We get, They get
Simple past: got
Past participle: have/had gotten

I get confused; I got confused; I have gotten confused

9. Can = Potere

Simple present: I can, You can, He/She/It can, We can, They can
Simple past: could
Past participle: have/had been able to

I can do it; I could do it; I have been able to do it


10. Will = forma futura dei verbi

Simple present: I will, You will, He/She/It will, We will, They will
Simple past: would

I will try; I would try (but)…

Tabella verbi irregolari inglesi

Non esiste una regola universale per individuare i verbi irregolari, per questo il metodo migliore e più efficace per ricordarseli è impararli a memoria. Ciononostante, esistono metodi per aiutarci a riconoscere e coniugare correttamente questi verbi. Per esempio, alcuni verbi hanno una simile struttura di coniugazione come blow-blew-blown, grow-grew-grown, flow-flew-flown, o ancora cut-cut-cut, set-set-set, put-put-put. Potreste inoltre fare un esercizio divertente e cercare i verbi irregolari nei testi delle vostre canzoni preferite; oppure trovare dei verbi le quali coniugazioni rimano tra loro come shake shook shaken/ wake woke woken e think thought sought/teach taught taught, per memorizzarli più facilmente. In caso di necessità, può esservi d'aiuto la Tabella dei verbi irregolari inglesi pubblicata sotto.

VERBI IRREGOLARI INGLESI

Clicca per aprire
Present Past Simple Past Participle Traduzione
abide abode abidden sopportare
alight alighted alighted scendere
arise arose arisen presentarsi
awake awoke awoken sveglio
be was, were been essere
bear bore born sostenere
beat beat beat battere/vincere
become became become diventare
begin began begun cominciare
behold beheld beheld vedere
bend bent bent piegare/curvare
beset beset beset assediare
bet bet bet scommettere
bid bid/bade bid/bidden fare un'offerta
bind bound bound fissare/trattenere
bite bit bitten mordere
bleed bled bled sanguinare
blow blew blown soffiare
break broke broken rompere
breed bred bred produrre
bring brought brought portare
broadcast broadcast broadcast trasmettere
build built built costruire
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt bruciare
burst burst burst scoppiare
bust bust bust distruggere/fallire
buy bought bought comprare
cast cast cast gettare/distendere
catch caught caught prendere
choose chose chosen scegliere
begin began begun cominciare
clap clapped/clapt clapped/clapt applaudire
clothe clad/clothed clad/clothed vestire
come came come venire
cost cost cost costare
creep crept crept strisciare
cut cut cut tagliare
dare dared dared sfidare/osare
deal dealt dealt dare/distribuire
dig dug dug scavare
dive dived/dove dived tuffare
do did done fare
draw drew drawn disegnare
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt sognare
drive drove driven guidare
drink drank drunk bere
dwell dwelt dwelt risiedere/dimorare
eat ate eaten mangiare
fall fell fallen cadere
feed fed fed nutrire
feel felt felt sentire
fight fought fought combattere
find found found trovare
fit fit fit calzare
flee fled fled fuggire
fling flung flung lanciare/gettare
fly flew flown volare
forbid forbade forbidden proibire
forget forgot forgotten dimenticare
forecast forecasted forecasted prevedere
foresee foresaw foreseen anticipare/immaginare
foretell foretold foretold preannunciare
forego (forgo) forewent foregone rinunciare
forgive forgave forgiven perdonare
forsake forsook forsaken rinunciare
freeze froze frozen congelare
frostbite frostbit frostbitten assiderare/congelare
get got gotten prendere
give gave given dare
go went gone andare
grind ground ground triturare
grow grew grown crescere
handwrite handwrote handwritten scrivere a mano
hang hung hung appendere
have had had avere
hear heard heard sentire
hide hid hidden nascondere
hit hit hit colpire
hold held held tenere
hurt hurt hurt ferire
inlay inlaid inlaid intarsiare
input inputted inputted inserire
interlay interlaid interlaid interporre
keep kept kept conservare
kneel knelt knelt inginocchiare
knit knit knit fare a maglia
know knew know conoscere
lay laid laid distendere
lead led led condurre
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned pendere
leap leaped/lept leaped/lept saltare
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt imparare
leave left left lasciare
lend lent lent prestare
let let let lasciare
lie lay lain mentire/stare
light lighted/lit lighted illuminare
lose lost lost perdere
make made made costruire
mean meant meant intendere
meet met met incontrare
melt melted molten/melted fondere
mislead misled misled ingannare
misundestand misunderstood/td> misunderstood fraintendere
misspell misspelled/misspelt misspelled/misspelt scrivere scorrettamente
mistake mistook mistaken confondere
mow mowed mowed/mown falciare
overcome overcame overcome vincere/dominare
overdraw overdrew overdrawn esagerare/caricare
overhear overheard overhears captare/sentire per caso
overtake overtook overtaken sorpassare
overthrow overthrew overthrown sovvertire
pay paid paid pagare
plead pled pled implorare
preset preset preset prestabilire
prove proved proved/proven dimostrare
put put put mettere
quit quit quit lasciare
re-prove re-proved re-proven/re-proved biasimare/censurare
read read read leggere
rid rid rid liberarsi da
ride rode ridden cavalcare
ring rang rung suonare
rise rose risen salire/aumentare
rive rived riven/rived strappare
run ran run correre
saw sawed sawed/sawn segare
say said said dire
see saw seen vedere
seek sought sought cercare
sell sold sold vendere
send sent sent spedire
set set set mettere/collocare
sew sewed sewed/sewn cucire
shake shook shaken agitare
shave shaved shaved/shaven radere
shear shore shorn tranciare
shed shed shed spargere/versare
shine shone shone fare luce
shoe shoed shoed/shod ferrare
shoot shot shot sparare
show showed showed/shown mostrare
shrink shrank shrunk ridurre
shut shut shut chiudere
sing sang sung cantare
sink sank sunk affondare
sit sat sat sedere
sleep slept slept dormire
slay slew slain uccidere
slide slid slid scorrere
sling slung slung scagliare/sospendere
slit slit slit tagliare
slink slunk slunk strisciare/sgattaiolare
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled odorare
sneak sneaked/snuck sneaked/snuck intrufolarsi
soothsay soothsaid soothsaid predire
sow sowed sowed/sown divertire
speak spoke spoken parlare
speed sped sped correre
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled compitare
spend spent spent spendere
spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt far fuoriscire
spin spun spun ruotare
spit spit/spat spit sputare
split split split spaccare/rompere
spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt rovinare/guastare
spread spread spread aprire/spiegare
spring sprang/sprung sprung saltare/balzare
stand stood stood alzarsi/stare
steal stole stolen rubare
stick stuck stuck attaccare
sting stung stung pungere
stink stank stunk puzzare
stride strod stridden camminare
strike struck struck colpire
string strung strung incordare
strike struck struck/stricken colpire/battere
strip stripped/stript stripped/stript spogliare
strive strove striven lottare
sublet sublet sublet subaffittare
sunburn sunburned/sunburnt sunburned/sunburnt scottare
swear swore sworn bestemmiare
sweat sweated sweated sudare
sweep swept swept travolgere
swell swelled swelled/swollen gonfiare
swim swam swum nuotare
swing swung swung agitare
take took taken prendere
teach taught taught insegnare
tear tore torn strappare/staccare
tell told told raccontare
think thought thought pensare
thrive thrived/throve thrived prosperare
throw threw thrown lanciare/gettare
thrust thrust thrust spingere
tread trod trodden camminare
undergo underwent undergone sottoporsi
understand understood understood capire
undertake undertook undertaken intraprendere
uphold upheld upheld confermare
upset upset upset disturbare
vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed vessare
wake woke woken alzarsi/svegliarsi
wear wore worn vestire
weave weaved/wove weaved/woven intrecciare
wed wed wed sposare
weep wept wept piangere
wend wended/went wended/went dirigersi lentamente/cambiare idea
wet wet/wetted wet/wetted bagnare
wind wound wound avvolgere
win won won vincere
withdraw withdrew withdrawn ritirare
withhold withheld withheld trattnere
withstand withstood withstood sfidare
wring wrung wrung strizzare
write wrote written scrivere
zinc zinced/zincked zinced/zincked zincare

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